Study by Han and colleagues. Overexpression of SHANK3 resulted in an unanticipated phenotype consisting of seizures and hyperactivity. On a cellular level, the balance between excitatory and inhibitory synapses was shifted towards excitation, suggesting that SHANK3 levels serve as a molecular regulator for the level of excitation versus inhibition.

Ingo Helbig

Child Neurology Fellow and epilepsy genetics researcher at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), USA and Department of Neuropediatrics, Kiel, Germany

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