The first Online Symposium: Rare Genetic Variants Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Online. Last week, we held the first online symposium on “Rare Genetic Variants Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorders”. The meeting covered seven topics which included different genomic approaches used to unravel the genetic architecture of neurodevelopmental disorders and cognitive traits. In total, 117 participants joined the meeting with a peak of 72 participants listening to a presenter. Continue reading

Nothing’s for sure, that’s for sure: Evaluating variants of uncertain significance

VUS. In recent EpiGC posts, we discussed how laboratories evaluate sequence variants and the challenges of communicating variants of uncertain significance (VUS) to patients. While VUS results can be frustrating, by working together clinicians and laboratories may accumulate additional evidence that enables a more definitive variant classification. But how, you ask? Well, there are several ways . . .

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The Zero ExAC problem

Evidence and absence. There is a time before and after ExAC, the gigantic variant repository based on more than 60,000 exomes sequenced at the Broad Institute. ExAC was released in October 2014 and has suddenly provided the community with access to variant data of roughly ten times more individuals than previous resources. But what happens when you check variants that were previously considered pathogenic and they are seen at low frequency in ExAC? Welcome to the Zero ExAC problem, providing us with a taste of the complications that epilepsy gene variant interpretation will face in the future. Continue reading