An overview of the explained genetic risk factors in autism. Despite the fact that two recent studies add autosomal recessive mutations and compound heterozygous mutations to the list of candidates, the majority of the genetic risk still remains to be explained. On the left, genes with “complete knockouts” in more than one patient not present in controls are shown.

Ingo Helbig

Child Neurology Fellow and epilepsy genetics researcher at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), USA and Department of Neuropediatrics, Kiel, Germany

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